Saponification Chart

Our saponification values have been gathered primarily from our suppliers and product documentation. In some cases, we have relied upon outside sources. Certain SAP values will differ from those listed in other sources because SAP values can fall within a range of values acceptable for an oil/butter/lipid. The actual value will change depending on the origin of the lipid and what the weather conditions were for that particular plant material and processing techniques. In most cases we used an average of the range so that your soap will not come out lye heavy in the event that the actual SAP value was on the lower end of the range.

These numbers are actual SAP values expressed in the number of mg of KOH required to saponify 1 g of oil/fat. When reading a certificate of analysis of an oil/fat, the SAP Value will be listed in this way.

Most soapers prefer to convert these numbers when making soap to be able to calculate their lye easily. You will see these converted values listed as decimal values. They are derived from the actual SAP value and are not true SAP values.

Dividing the SAP value by 1000 gives us a ratio of KOH to Oil in the same units (mg), and therefore becomes the ratio of KOH needed for any unit, as long as you use the same units to measure your KOH and Oils. Example: An oil with an average SAP value of 190 will require 190/1000 = 0.190 g of KOH per g of oil, or 0.190 ounces of KOH per ounce of oil, or 0.190 pounds of KOH per pound of oil.

Dividing the SAP value by 1402.50 or multiplying the KOH ratio by 40/56.1 (the ratio of the molecular weights of NaOH/KOH), gives us the amount of NaOH required for any unit, as long as you use the same units to measure your NaOH and Oils. Example: An oil with an average SAP value of 190 will require 190/1402.50 = 0.135 g of NaOH per 1 g of oil, 0.135 ounces NaOH per ounce of oil, or 0.135 pounds of NaOH per pound of oil.


Summary:
To convert actual SAP Values into converted values ready to work with in any unit:

  • Solid Soap (NaOH): Divide the average SAP Value by 1402.50
  • Liquid Soap (KOH): Divide the average SAP Value by 1000


To download a tab delimited text copy of this chart, please click here.

Please let us know if you have any questions or would like us to add any SAP values.

Lipids SAP NAOH (oz.) KOH (oz.) INCI Name
Almond Butter, Sweet 90 - 140 0.082 0.115 Prunus amygdalus dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Almond Oil, Sweet 190 - 200 0.139 0.195 Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil
Aloe Vera Butter 220 - 260 0.171 0.24 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil and Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract
Apricot Kernel Butter 130 - 145 0.098 0.138 Prunus armeniacae (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Apricot Kernel Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Apricot Kernel Oil, Organic 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Prunus armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil
Argan Oil, Virgin Organic 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Argania Spinosa (Argan) Kernel Oil
Avocado Butter 177 - 198 0.134 0.188 Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil and Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Avocado Oil 177 - 198 0.134 0.188 Persea gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Avocado Oil, Organic 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Persea gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Avocado Oil, Refined 185 - 230 0.148 0.208 Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil
Babassu Oil 245 - 256 0.179 0.251 Orbignya Oleifera (Babassu) Seed Oil
Beef Tallow 196 0.14 0.196  
Black Cumin Seed Oil 185 - 205 0.139 0.195 Nigella sativa (Black Cumin) Seed Oil
Black Cumin Seed Oil, Organic 185 - 205 0.139 0.195 Nigella sativa (Black Cumin) Seed Oil
Black Currant Seed Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Ribes Nigrum (Blackcurrant) Seed Oil
Borage Oil 175 - 196 0.133 0.186 Borago officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil
Borage Oil, Organic 170 - 215 0.138 0.193 Borago officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil
Brazil Nut Oil, Organic 192 - 202 0.14 0.197 Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil) Nut Oil
Buriti Oil 185 - 240 0.152 0.213 Mauritia Flexuosa (Buriti) Fruit Oil
Camelina Oil 185 - 197 0.136 0.191 Camelina sativa (Camelina) Seed Oil
Candelilla Wax Pellets 43 - 65 0.039 0.054 Candelilla (Euphorbia cerifera ) Wax
Canola Oil 173 0.123 0.173  
Carnauba Wax Flakes 78 - 95 0.062 0.087 Carnauba (Copernicia cerifera) Wax
Carrot Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil (and) Daucus carota sativa (Carrot) Root Extract (and) Tocopherol
Castor Oil, Jamaican Black 177 - 185 0.129 0.181 Castor (Ricinus Communis) Seed Oil
Cherry Kernel Oil 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Prunus avium (Cherry) Kernel Oil
Cocoa Butter, Deodorized 188 - 200 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Butter, Pure Prime Pressed 188 - 200 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Butter, Ultra Refined 188 - 200 0.138 0.194 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter
Cocoa Oil 173 - 188 0.129 0.181 Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) Oil
Coconut Oil 76 degree 250 - 264 0.183 0.257 Cocos nucifera (Coconut) Oil
Coconut Oil, Organic 250 - 265 0.184 0.258 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil
Coconut Oil, Organic, Virgin 250 - 265 0.184 0.258 Cocos nucifera (Coconut) Oil
Coffee Bean Butter 175 - 200 0.134 0.188 Coffea arabica Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Corn Oil 190 0.135 0.19  
Cottonseed Oil 192 0.137 0.192  
Cucumber Seed Oil 180 - 190 0.132 0.185 Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Oil
Cupuacu Butter, Refined 210 - 235 0.159 0.223 Theobroma grandiflorum (Cupuacu) Butter
Cupuacu Butter, Ultra Refined 210 - 235 0.159 0.223 Theobroma grandiflorum (Cupuacu) Butter
Deer Tallow 195 0.139 0.195  
Emu Oil, Clear AEA Certified 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Emu Oil
Evening Primrose Oil 180 - 195 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Evening Primrose Oil 10% GLA RBD & Winterized 180 - 195 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Evening Primrose Oil, Organic 180 - 195 0.134 0.188 Oenothera biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil
Fractionated Coconut Oil 335 - 360 0.248 0.348 Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
Goat Tallow 195 0.139 0.195  
Grape Seed Oil 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Tocopherol
Grape Seed Oil, Chardonnay 176 - 194 0.132 0.185 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Grape Seed Oil, Organic 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Grape Seed Oil, Riesling 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Vitis vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil
Hazelnut Oil 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Corylus Avellana (Hazel) Seed Oil
Hemp Seed Butter 175 - 200 0.134 0.188 Cannabis sativa Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Hemp Seed Oil 190 - 195 0.138 0.193 Cannabis sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil
Hemp Seed Oil, Organic 190 - 195 0.138 0.193 Cannabis sativa (Hemp) Seed Oil
Illipe Butter 188 - 200 0.138 0.194 Shorea stenoptera (Illipe) Seed Butter
Jojoba Oil, Golden, Organic 90 - 95 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Clear 90 - 93 0.066 0.092 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Natural 90 - 95 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Jojoba, Organic, Clear 90 - 95 0.066 0.093 Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
Kokum Butter 187 - 193 0.135 0.19 Garcinia indica (Kokum) Seed Butter
Kukui Nut Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Aleurites Moluccana (Kukui) Seed Oil
Lanolin Oil 90 - 110 0.071 0.1 Lanolin Oil
Lard 193 0.138 0.193  
Lecithin Liquid 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Lecithin
Macadamia Nut Butter 175 - 200 0.134 0.188 Macadamia ternifolia Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Macadamia Nut Oil 190 - 200 0.139 0.195 Macadamia (Macadamia ternifolia) Seed Oil
Macadamia Nut Oil, Organic 190 - 200 0.139 0.195 Macadamia ternifolia (Macadamia) Seed Oil
Mango Butter 183 - 198 0.136 0.191 Mangifera indica (Mango) Seed Butter
Mango Butter, Refined 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter
Mango Oil (Olein) 180 - 195 0.134 0.188 Mangifera indica (Mango) Seed Oil
Manketti Oil 190 - 205 0.141 0.198 Schinziophyton rautanenii (Manketti) Oil
Maracuja Oil Passionfruit, Virgin 150 - 210 0.128 0.18 Passiflora edulis (Passionfruit) Seed Oil
Marula Oil, Virgin 188 - 199 0.138 0.194 Sclerocarya birrea (Marula) Kernel Oil
Meadowfoam Oil 169 0.12 0.169 Limnanthes alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil
Meadowfoam Seed Oil 160 - 175 0.12 0.168 Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil
Monoi de Tahiti Oil 240 - 270 0.182 0.255 Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Gardenia Tahitensis (Tiare) Flower Extract, Tocopherol, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Moringa Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Moringa oleifera Oil
Murumuru Butter 245 - 260 0.18 0.253 Astrocaryum Murumuru Butter
Mustard Oil 172 0.123 0.172  
Neem Oil 197 0.14 0.197 Azadirachta indica (Neem) Oil
Neem Oil, Organic 175 - 205 0.135 0.19 Azadirachta Indica (Neem) Seed Oil
Niger-Seed Oil 189 0.135 0.189  
Nilotica Shea Butter, Organic 190 0.135 0.19 Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Seed Butter
Oat Oil 194 0.138 0.194 Avena sativa (Oat) Kernel Oil
Olive Butter 175 - 200 0.134 0.188 Olea europea (Olive) Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Olive Oil 184 - 196 0.135 0.19 Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Olive Oil, Extra Virgin, Organic 184 - 196 0.135 0.19 Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Palm Oil 190 - 205 0.141 0.198 Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Oil
Palm Oil, Organic 190 - 209 0.143 0.2 Elaeis guineensis (Palm) Oil
Peach Kernel Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Prunus Persica (Peach) Kernel Oil
Peanut Oil 190 0.135 0.19  
Pecan Oil 186 - 194 0.135 0.19 Algooquian pacaan (Pecan) Nut Oil
Pequi Oil 190 - 220 0.146 0.205 Caryocar braziliensis (Pequi) Fruit Oil
Perilla Oil 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Perilla ocymoides (Perilla) Seed Oil
Pistachio Nut Butter 175 - 200 0.134 0.188 Pistacia Vera Seed Oil (and) Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil
Pomace Olive Oil 190 0.135 0.19 Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil
Pomegranate Seed Oil 185 0.132 0.185 Punica granatum linn (Pomegranate) Oil
Pomegranate Seed Oil, Organic 185 0.132 0.185 Punica granatum linn (Pomegranate) Oil
Poppy Seed Oil 196 0.14 0.196 Oleum Papaveris (Poppy) Seed Oil
Prickly Pear Seed Oil, Organic 180 - 190 0.132 0.185 Opuntia ficus indica (Prickly Pear) Seed Oil
Pumpkin Seed Oil 187 - 195 0.136 0.191 Cucurbita pepo (Pumpkin) Seed Oil
Rapeseed Oil 175 0.125 0.175  
Red Raspberry Seed Oil 188 0.134 0.188 Rubus Idaeus (Red Raspberry) Seed Oil
Red Raspberry Seed Oil, Organic 188 0.134 0.188 Rubus Idaeus (Red Raspberry) Seed Oil
Rice Bran Oil 185 - 195 0.135 0.19 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Rice Bran Oil, CP 180 - 190 0.132 0.185 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Rice Bran Oil, Organic 180 - 190 0.132 0.185 Oryza sativa (Rice) Bran Oil
Rosehip Oil 185 - 193 0.135 0.189 Rosa Canina / Rosa Rubiginosa (Rose Hip) Seed Oil
Rosehip Seed Oil, Organic 185 - 193 0.135 0.189 Rosa Canina / Rosa Rubiginosa (Rose Hip) Seed Oil
Sacha Inchi Oil, Organic 191 - 197 0.138 0.194 Plukenetia volubilis
Safflower Oil, Organic, High Oleic, Refined 186 - 198 0.137 0.192 Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil
Seabuckthorn Berry Total CO2 Extract 180 - 195 0.134 0.188 Hippophae Rhamnoides (Seabuckthorn) Fruit Extract
Sesame Oil 188 - 195 0.137 0.192 Sesamum indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil
Sesame Oil, Organic 18 - 198 0.077 0.108 Sesamum indicum (Sesame) Seed Oil
Shea Butter 170 - 190 0.128 0.18 Butyrospermum parkii (Shea Butter) Fruit
Shea Butter, Organic Crushed & Refined 170 - 190 0.128 0.18 Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Fruit Butter
Shea Oil 170 - 195 0.13 0.183 Butyrospermum parkii (Shea) Seed Oil
Shortening, Vegetable 190 0.135 0.19  
Soybean Oil 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Glycine soja (Soybean) Oil
Soybean Oil, Organic 189 - 195 0.137 0.192 Glycine soja (Soybean) Oil
Stearic Acid, Palm-Based 208 - 213 0.15 0.211 Stearic Acid
Strawberry Seed Oil 170 - 210 0.135 0.19 Fragaria Ananassa (Strawberry) Seed Oil
Sunflower Oil, High Oleic 191 0.136 0.191 Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Oil
Sunflower Oil, Refined Organic 188 - 194 0.136 0.191 Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil
Tamanu Foraha Oil 185 - 205 0.139 0.195 Calophyllum Inophyllum (Tamanu) Oil
Ungurahui Oil, Unrefined 197 - 198 0.141 0.198 Oenocarpus bataua (Ungurahui) Oil
Virgin Coconut Cream Oil 248 - 265 0.183 0.257 Cocos nucifera (Virgin Coconut) Oil
Walnut Oil 189 - 197 0.138 0.193 Juglans regia (Walnut) Seed Oil
Watermelon Seed Oil 188 - 195 0.137 0.192 Citrullus Lanatus (Watermelon) Seed Oil
Wheatgerm Oil 180 - 200 0.135 0.19 Triticum vilgare (Wheat) Germ Oil
Yangu Cape Chestnut Oil 185 - 200 0.138 0.193 Calodendrum capense (Cape chestnut) Oil
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